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Teaching EWMN
Compositions and Graphics, Kinetic Art
Neurological Syndromes
Animal Behavior

General :
Yanai, Z. Notation for the liberation of movement. Journal of IBM. 34-35; 1974. A general article about EWMN.
Yanai, Z. Notacion para la liberacion de movimiento. “Ariel” Revista Trimestral des Artes a Letras de Israel. 31:114-130; 1974.
Harries, J. G. A proposed notation for visual fine art. Leonardo. 8:295-300; 1975.
Yanai, Z. Eine schrift für freie bewegnung .“Ariel” Berichte zur Kunst und Bildung in Israel. 22:114-130; 1975.
Yanai, Z. Un systeme de notation pour la liberation de mouvement. “Ariel” Revue trimestrielle des arts et letters en Israel. 33:114-130; 1975.
Kleinmann, S. Movement notation systems: An Introduction. Quest monograph XXIII. Winter Issue, January: 33-56; 1975.
Harries, J.G.; Richmond, G. A language of movement. New Dance. 22:14-17; 1982. General article about EWMN. Yanai, Z.

Notation for the liberation of movement. Contact Quarterly. 82(7):7-15; 1982.
Drewes, H. Transformationen: Bewegun im Notation und digitaler Verarbeitung. PhD Dissertation. Die Blaue Eule: Essen; 2003.

Teaching EWMN :
Cohen, E. On teaching Eshkol-Wachman Movement Notation to academic students. Proceedings of the Second International Congress on Movement Notation, Hong Kong. 1990.

Jones, D.; Cohen, E.; Lin, H.; Segev, R.; Hermon, S. Dance and Movement. Jerusalem: Ministry of Education and Culture. 1990

Cohen, E. Movement and Eshkol Wachman Movement Notation. Jerusalem: Ministry of Education and Culture; 1999.

Al-Dor, n. The Impact of Learning Movement Notation Eshkol-Wachman on the Development of Coordination. PhD Dissertation Budapest: ELTE University. 2004.

Sapir, T.; Reshef-Armony, S.; Al-Dor, N.; Ronen, T. Eshkol-Wachman Movement Notation: Education through Dance Text, Dance Practice and Dance performance. In ETEN 16. Neil Hall and Doug Springate Eds. The Proceeding 0f the 16th Annual Conference of European Teacher Education Network. 16: 38-44. 2006.  

Compositions and Graphics, Kinetic Art :
Harries, J. G. A proposed notation for visual fine art. Leonardo. 8:295-300; 1975. Exposition of the use of EW notation in visual art composition.
Harries, J. G. A proposed notation for visual fine art. Visual Art Mathematics and Computers. Malina, F. J., Ed. New York: Pergamon Press. 69-74; 1978.
Harries, J.G. Personal computers and notated visual art. Leonardo. 14(4):299-310; 1981. Article on the combination of EW and computer technology in the composition and production of visual art.
Harries, J.G. Symmetry and rotation: regularity and symmetry in notated computer graphics. Computer and Math with Applications (GB), Hargittai, Ed. New York: Pergamon Press. 12b(1-2): 303-314; 1986.
Harries, J.G. Symmetry in the Movements of T’ai Chi Chuan. Computers, Mathematics and Applications. 17(406):827-835; 1989.
Harries, J. G. Reflections on Rotations. Symmetry: Culture and Science. 8 (3-4):115- 332; 1997.

Neurological Syndromes :
Cohen, E.; Sekeles, C. Integrated treatment of Down’s Syndrome children through music and movement. Proceeding of the Fourth International Conferences of DACI. 2:1988.
Teitelbaum P.; Maurer R.G., Fryman J., Teitelbaum O.B., Vilensky J., Creedon M.P. Dimensions of disintegration in the stereotyped locomotion characteristic in Parkinsonism. American Psychological Association. 1994.
Teitelbaum P.; Behrman A., Fryman J., Cauraugh J., Maurer R.G., Teitelbaum O.B., Principles for the design of walking robots derived from the study of people with Parkinson’s Disease. Paper submitted to the Conference on Simulation of Animal Behavior, Brighton, England, August 8-12. 1994.
Teitelbaum, P.; Teitelbaum, O.B., Nye J., Fryman, J., Maurer, R.G. Movement analysis in infancy may be useful for early diagnosis of Autism. Proc. National Academy of Science. 95:13982-13987; 1998.
Whishaw, I. Q.; Suchowersky, O., Davis, L., Sarna, J., Metz, G. A., Pellis, S. M. A qualitative analysis of reaching-to-grasp movements in human Parkinson’s disease (PD) reveals impairments in coordination and rotational movements of pronation and supination: a comparison to deficits in animal models of PD. Behavioural Brain Research. 133:165-176; 2002.


Animal Behavior :
Golani, I. Homeostatic motor processes in mammalian interaction: A Choreography of Display. Perspectives in Ethology. 2: 1976.
Ganor, I.; Golani, I. Coordination and integration in the hindleg steps cycle of the rat: Kinematic Synergies. Brain Research 164; 1980.

Moran, G.; Fentress, J.C., Golani I. A description of the relational patterns of movement during ritualized fighing in wolves. Animal Behavior. 29:1146-1165; 1981.
Pellis, S. M. A description of social play by the Australian magpie gymnorhina tibicen based on Eshkol-Wachman notation. Bird Behaviour. 3:61-79; 1981
Pellis, S. M. An analysis of courtship and mating in the Cape Barren goose Cereopsis novaehollandiae latham based on Eshkol-Wachman movement notation. Bird Behaviour. 4:30-41; 1982.
Pellis, S. M. Development of head and foot coordination in the Australian Magpie gymnorhina tibicen, and the function of play. Bird Be haviour. 4: 57-62; 1983.
Pellis, S. M. What is "fixed" in a fixed action pattern? A problem of methodology. Bird Behaviour. 6: 10-15; 1985.
Whishaw, I. Q.; Kolb, B. The mating movements of male decorticate rats: evidence for subcortically generated movements by the male but regulation of approaches by the female. Behavioural Brain Research. 17: 171-191; 1985.
Pellis, S. M.; Officer, R. C. E. An analysis of some predatory behaviour patterns in four species of carnivorous marsupials (Dasyuridae), with comparative notes on the eutherian cat Felis catus. Ethology. 75: 177-196;1987.
Pellis, S. M.; Pellis, V. C., Chesire, R. M., Rowland, N. E., Teitelbaum, P. Abnormal gait sequence in the locomotion released by atropine in catecholamine deficient akinetic rats. Proc. of the National Academy of Sciences. 84: 8750-8753;1987.
Yaniv, Y.; Golani, I. Superiority and inferiority: A morphological analysis of free and stimulus bounds behavior in honey badger (Mellivora capensis) interactions. Ethology. 74:89-116 ; 1987.
Eilam, D.; Golani, G. The ontology of exploratory behavior in the house (Rattus Rattus): The mobility gradient. Developmental Psychobiology. 21(7):679-710; 1988.
Pellis, S. M.; O'Brien, D. P, Pellis, V. C., Teitelbaum, P., Wolgin, D. L., Kennedy, S. Escalation of feline predation along a gradient from avoidance through "play" to killing. Behavioral Neuroscience. 102:760-777; 1988.
Faulkes, Z. Sand crab digging: The neuroethology and evolution of a “new” behavior. B.Sc, University of Lethbridge. 1988.
Pellis, S. M. Fighting: the problem of selecting appropriate behavior patterns. Blanchard, R. J.; Brain, P. F., Blanchard, D. C., Parmigiani, S., Eds. Ethoexperimental Approaches to the Study of Behavior. 361-374; 1989.
Teitelbaum, P.; Pellis, S. M., DeVietti, T. L. Disintegration into stereotypy induced by drugs or brain damage: A micro-descriptive behavioral analysis. Cooper, S.J.; Dourish, C. T., Eds. Neurobiology of Behavioral Stereotypy. 169-199; 1990.
Whishaw, I. Q.; Pellis, S. M. The structure of skilled forelimb reaching in the rat: A proximally driven stereotyped movement with a single rotatory component. Behavioral Brain Research. 41: 49-59;1990.
Whishaw, I. Q.; Pellis, S. M., Gorny, B. P., Pellis, V. C. The impairments in reaching and the movements of compensation in rats with motor cortex lesions: A videorecording and movement notation analysis. Behavioural Brain Research. 42: 77-91; 1991.
Golani, I. A Mobility Gradient in the Organization of Vertebrate Movement: The Perception of Movement Through Symbolic Language. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Vol 15(2): 249-308; 1992.
Whishaw, I. Q.; Pellis, S. M., Gorny, B. P. Skilled reaching in rats and humans: Evidence for parallel development or homology. Behavioural Brain Research. 47: 59- 70; 1992.
34. Whishaw, I. Q.; Dringenberg, H. C., Pellis, S. M. Forelimb use in free feeding by rats: Motor cortex aids limb and digit positioning. Behavioural Brain Research. 48: 113-125; 192.
Whishaw, I. Q.; Pellis, S. M., Gorny, B. P. Medial frontal cortex lesions impair the aiming component of rat reaching. Behavioural Brain Research. 50: 93-104;1992.
Whishaw, I. Q.; Pellis, S. M., Pellis, V. C. A behavioral study of the contributions of cells and fibers of passage in the red nucleus of the rat to postural righting, skilled movements, and learning. Behavioural Brain Research. 52: 29-44; 1992.
Whishaw, I. Q.; Pellis, S. M., Gorny, B., Kolb, B., Tetzlaff, W. Proximal and distal impairments in rat forelimb use in reaching following pyramidal tract lesions. Behavioural Brain Research. 56:59-76; 1993.
Whishaw, I. Q.; Gorny, B., Tran-Nguyen, L. T. L., Castañeda, E., Miklyaeva, E. I., Pellis, S. M. Doing two things at once: Impairments in movement and posture underlie the adult skilled reaching deficit of neonatally dopamine-depleted rats. Behavioural Brain Research. 61: 65-77; 1994.
Field, E. F.; Whishaw, I. Q., Pellis, S. M. An analysis of sex differences in the movement patterns used during the food wrenching and dodging paradigm. Journal of Comparative Psychology. 110: 298-306; 1996.
Ivanco, T. L.; Pellis, S. M., Whishaw, I. Q. Skilled movements in prey catching and in reaching by rats (Rattus norvegicus ) and opossums (Monodelphis domestica ): Relations to anatomical differences in motor systems. Behavioural Brain Research. 79: 163-182; 1996.
Pellis, S. M. Righting and the modular organization of motor programs. Ossenkopp, K.P.; Kavaliers, M., Sanberg, P.R., Eds. Measuring Movement and Locomotion: From Invertebrates to Humans. 115-133; 1996.
Faulkes, Z.; Paul, D. H. Digging in sand crabs (Decapoda, Anomura, Hippoidea): Interleg coordination. Journal of Experimental Biology. 200: 793-805;1997.
Field, E. F.; Whishaw, I. Q., Pellis, S. M. The organization of sex-typical patterns of defense during food protection in the rat: The role of the opponent’s sex. Aggressive Behavior. 23: 197-214; 1997.
Field, E. F.; Whishaw, I. Q., Pellis, S. M. A kinematic analysis of sex-typical movement patterns used during evasive dodging to protect a food item: The role of gonadal androgens. Behavioral Neuroscience. 111: 808-815; 1997.
Iwaniuk, A. N.; Nelson, J. E., Ivanco, T. L., Pellis, S. M., Whishaw, I Q. Reaching, grasping and manip ulation of food objects by two tree kangaroo species, Dendrolagus lumholtzi and Dendrolagus matschiei. Australian Journal of Zoology. 46: 235-248; 1998.
Whishaw, I. Q.; Woodward, N. C., Miklyaeva, E., Pellis, S. M. Analysis of limb use by control rats and unilateral DA-depleted rats in the Montoya staircase test: Movements, impairments and compensatory strategies. Behavioural Brain Research. 89:167-177; 1998
Whishaw, I. Q.; Sarna, J., Pellis, S. M. Evidence for rodent-common and species-typical limb and digit use in eating derived from a comparative analysis of ten rodent species. Behavioural Brain Research. 96:79-91; 1998.
Iwaniuk, A. N.; Whishaw, I. Q. How skilled are the skilled limb movements of the raccoon (Prycyon lotor). Behavioural Brain Research. 99:35-44; 1999.
Pasztor, T. J.; Smith, L. K., MacDonald, N. L., Michener, G. R., Pellis, S. M. Sexual and aggressive play fighting of sibling Richardson’s ground squirrels. Aggressive Behavior. 27: 323-337; 2001.
Whishaw, I. Q.; Gorny, B., Foroud, A., Kleim, J. A. Long-Evans and Sprague-Dawley rats have similar skilled reaching success and limb representations in motor cortex but different movements: some cautionary insights into the selection of rat strains for neurobiological motor research. Behavioural Brain Research. 145: 221-232; 2003.
Gharbawie, O. A.; Whsiahw, P. A., Whishaw, I. Q. The topography of three-dimensional exploration: a new quantification of vertical and horizontal exploration, postural support, and exploratory bouts in the cylinder test. Behavioural Brain Research. 151:125-135; 2004.


EWMN Center
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